honduras crime and safety report 2021
Fuel stations can be few and far between in some areas. The armed forces, which report to the Secretariat of Defense, are responsible for external security but also exercise some domestic security responsibilities in support of the national police and other civilian authorities. Report. Children's Rights. The law does not criminalize domestic violence but provides penalties of up to 12 years in prison for violence against a family member, depending on the severity of the assault and aggravating circumstances. The law also requires that public-sector workers involved in the refining, transportation, and distribution of petroleum products submit their grievances to the Secretariat of Labor and Social Security (STSS) before striking. An independent press and a functioning democratic political system combined to promote freedom of expression, including for members of the media. February 11, 2022. Transgender persons are prohibited from changing their legal gender status. The number of inspections increased significantly as the STSS resumed normal inspections, suspended in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Of November 2021, almost 39 homicides were committed per 100,000 crimes are carried out by acting., 2022, in Uvalde, Texas in Action - Honduras /a > Qatar iverson house . The government had a nascent system to provide legal protection to refugees. We have no plans to be walking on a secluded beach at night nor down any dark alleys. The STSS is responsible for enforcing the national minimum wage, hours of work, and occupational health and safety law, but it did so inconsistently and ineffectively. Also see the Department of Labors Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor at https://www.dol.gov/agencies/ilab/resources/reports/child-labor/findings. The Internal Displacement Monitoring Center estimated there were approximately 247,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) due to violence in the country as of 2020. The 58th edition of the Annual Safety Report (2021), is a comprehensive review and analysis of the industry's . Many inspectors asked workers to provide them with transportation so that they could conduct inspections, since the STSS could not pay for travel to worksites. The government ended the curfew on October 1. There have been frequent incidents of carjacking and highway robbery on a number of roads including the main highway (CA-5) between San Pedro Sula and Siguatepeque, with the greatest risk between Potrerillos and Pito Solo in the lake area. The government did not effectively enforce the law. The law permits fines, and while the monetary penalty is sufficient to deter violations and commensurate with the penalties for similar crimes, such as fraud, the failure of the government to collect those fines facilitated continued labor code violations. Credible observers noted problems in trial procedures, such as a lack of admissible evidence, judicial corruption, witness intimidation, and an ineffective witness protection program. Country Summary: Violent crime, such as homicide and armed robbery, is common. See the Department of States International Religious Freedom Report at https://www.state.gov/religiousfreedomreport/. International observers acknowledged some of these irregularities but reported they were not systematic and not widespread enough to affect the outcome of the presidential election. These sort of crimes can be avoided by dressing down, being careful about where expensive belongings are left, and keeping to safe areas. The government used the pretrial detention center to hold high-profile suspects and those in need of additional security, including police and military officials. Arbitrary Arrest: CONADEH reported 38 reports of arbitrary arrest through August. Physical Conditions: Prisoners suffered from severe overcrowding, malnutrition, lack of adequate sanitation and medical care, and, in some prisons, lack of adequate ventilation and lighting. The law provides for criminal penalties for corruption by officials, but authorities did not implement the law effectively, and officials continued to engage in corrupt practices with impunity. OSAC promotes effective cooperation by working to assist the U.S. private sector to better anticipate security issues, including identifying and tracking threats, particularly those targeting private sector personnel, facilities, investments, interests, and intellectual property. The law prohibits the use of children younger than 18 for exhibitions or performances of a sexual nature or in the production of pornography. The government launched a new Ministry of Transparency in November 2020 to address some of these concerns. The law prohibits police from unionizing (see section 7.a.). Oral updates and . You should be aware that tourist hotspots, public transportation and some streets are places where most thefts and pickpocketing occur, and that violent crime exists on the streets, too. The U.S. Department of State has assessed Tegucigalpa as being a MEDIUM-threat location for political violence directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests . Sexual Harassment: The law criminalizes sexual harassment, including in employment. The law provides for freedom of expression, including for members of the press and other media, with some restrictions, and the government generally respected this right. Performance. There were credible reports that members of the security forces committed some abuses. As of October 17, 42,357 Hondurans were deported in 2021 to Hondurasmore than the total throughout 2020the government reported. The constitution provides for the freedoms of peaceful assembly and association, and the government generally respected these rights. With a crime index of 74.54, Honduras ranks fifth in the world in terms of crime rate. The law provides a maximum sentence of three years in prison for disobeying a restraining order connected with the crime of violence against a woman. The Public Ministrys Office of the Special Prosecutor for Human Rights handled cases involving charges of human rights abuses by government officials. Many employers discriminated against women. Persons suspected of any of 21 specific felonies must remain in custody, pending the conclusion of judicial proceedings against them. The Public Ministry reported seven cases of alleged illegal detention or arbitrary arrest as of September. As of January 2021, according to UNICEF, several "general public services" in Honduras faced serious disruption, with child support services and services supporting the victims of domestic violence being particularly badly impacted. Funding will be drawn from the 2023 Additional Ukraine Supplemental Appropriations Act passed in . Basic administration '06 '22 10 1 5 6 5 Political Participation There was no information available on any major industrial accidents. You can add more than one country or area. The law prohibits illicit association, defined as gatherings by persons bearing arms, explosive devices, or dangerous objects with the purpose of committing a crime, and prescribes prison terms of two to four years and a moderate fine for anyone who convokes or directs an illicit meeting or demonstration. The center, administered by the National Prison Institute, was on a military installation and received some support services from the military. Ethnic minority rights leaders, international NGOs, and farmworker organizations claimed the government failed to redress actions taken by security forces, government agencies, private individuals, and businesses to dislodge farmers and indigenous persons from lands over which they claimed ownership based on land reform law or ancestral land titles. In most prisons only inmates who purchased bottled water or had water filters in their cells had access to potable water. Civilian authorities at times did not maintain effective control over security forces. A large chunk of those arrived via cruise ships, however. The government investigated violence and threats of violence against union leaders. Impunity for such crimes remained high, as was the impunity rate for all types of crime. The law entered into force on November 1. Received a complaint about honduras crime and safety report 2021 at Pioneer Park with murder November 2017 shorter! Civil society continued to raise problems with minimum wage violations, highlighting agricultural companies in the south as frequent violators. Defendants may receive free assistance from an interpreter. The Public Ministry received one report of discrimination based on an individuals disability as of September. Contraception supplies continued to be limited. The Ministries of Security and of Defense both have human rights offices that coordinate human rights-related activities with the Secretariat of Human Rights. The law requires an employer to begin collective bargaining once workers establish a union, and it specifies that if more than one union exists at a company, the employer must negotiate with the largest. The STSS did not approve any authorizations through September. The law prohibits all the worst forms of child labor. Travel to Honduras should be . Effective June 2, 2021: All travelers, regardless of age, must provide either proof of full vaccination against COVID-19 or negative test results for a PCR, Antigen or ELISA COVID-19 test taken less than 72 hours before entry into Honduras. Perdomo allegedly killed Keyla Martinez after she was detained for violating the countrys COVID-19 curfew. Prohibition of Forced or Compulsory Labor, c. Prohibition of Child Labor and Minimum Age for Employment, d. Discrimination with Respect to Employment and Occupation. Sexual Exploitation of Children: The commercial sexual exploitation of children, especially in sex trafficking, remained a problem. The reported killings took place during law enforcement operations or were linked to criminal activity by government agents. It was unclear how many of these threats were related to the victims professions or activism. Military Abuses and Extrajudicial Killings. Overall crime was up 3% from 2021. The government did not restrict or disrupt access to the internet or censor online content, and there were no credible reports that the government monitored private online communications without appropriate legal authority. Despite incremental progress, government capacities remained relatively nascent and limited. The overwhelming majority of violent crime victims in Belize are Belizeans themselves, but recent years have seen an increase in these types of crimes against tourists and expats. OVERALL RISK : MEDIUM Honduras is somewhat safe to visit, though it has many dangers. The law provides for an independent judiciary, but the justice system was poorly funded and staffed, inadequately equipped, often ineffective, and subject to intimidation, corruption, politicization, and patronage. Governmental Posture Towards International and Nongovernmental Investigation of Alleged Abuses of Human Rights, Section 6. Location: Peru (countrywide) Event: Crime Advisory (February 10, 2022) For over 15 years, the U.S. Department of State has rated Peru at a critically high risk level for crime. In 2021, almost 39 homicides were committed per 100,000 inhabitants in Honduras. - March 2003 Non-Government Organization Reports Human Rights Watch As of June the Violence Observatory reported killings of 80 persons younger than 18. Penalties include prison sentences of up to two years and monetary fines. Organized criminal groups, including local and transnational gangs and narcotics traffickers, were significant perpetrators of violent crimes and committed acts of homicide, torture, kidnapping, extortion, human trafficking, intimidation, and other threats and violence directed against human rights defenders, judicial authorities, lawyers, business community members, journalists, bloggers, women, and other vulnerable populations. Office of the U.S. U.S. Who is Vulnerable to Violence in Honduras? Respect for the Integrity of the Person, a. Security Alert: "La Embajada" Bar (12 January, 2023) Message for U.S. Citizens regarding Extension to the State of Exception in Honduras (9 January, 2023) Message for U.S. Citizens regarding State of Exception beginning December 6 (5 December, 2022) Weather Alert for U.S. Citizens - Tropical Storm Lisa (2 November, 2022) The law provides that police may make arrests only with a warrant unless they make the arrest during the commission of a crime, there is strong suspicion that a person has committed a crime and might otherwise evade criminal prosecution, or they encounter a person in possession of evidence related to a crime. Although 74 percent of births were attended by skilled health care personnel, NGOs reported significant gaps in obstetric care, especially in rural areas. There have been widespread protests against a corrupt government and these are sometimes met with force. The safety and well-being of our passengers and crew is aviation's highest priority. Media noted that family members often faced long delays or were unable to visit detainees. Her retrial was scheduled for February 2022. CONAPREV reported 13 violent deaths in prisons as of September. Inconsistent, retroactive implementation of provisions of the revised code led to logjams in the legal system and impunity for some of the accused. The law establishes prison sentences of up to two and one-half years for child abuse. In September police arrested Denis Abel Ordonez, Michael Andre Mejia, and Walter Antonio Matute Raudales in connection with her murder. There were no credible reports of political prisoners or detainees. Vanessa worked as a volunteer in the Association for Prevention and Education in Health, Sexuality, AIDS, and Human Rights. NGOs reported the government did not effectively combat discrimination and promote equal access to government services or employment opportunities. Civil society groups reported that women often did not report domestic violence or withdrew charges because they feared, or were economically dependent on, the aggressor. The law criminalizes discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity characteristics and includes crimes committed against individuals because of their sexual orientation or gender identity as aggravating circumstances to increase penalties for criminal offenses. Violent gang activity, such as extortion, violent street crime, rape, and narcotics and human trafficking, is widespread. The law mandates that authorities release detainees whose cases have not yet come to trial and whose time in pretrial detention already exceeds the maximum prison sentence for their alleged crime. Bogran was arrested in October 2020 on two corruption charges for embezzling an estimated 1.14 billion lempiras ($47 million) in public funds and funneling a contract for mobile hospitals to his uncle, Napoleon Corrales. There were numerous reports of government corruption during the year. HND41066.E - Whether there is a law in Honduras that criminalizes the wearing of tattoos; reports of state agents arresting, detaining, mistreating or murdering people with tattoos that do not belong to gangs (2001 to March 2003). Observers noted several significant improvements in transparency procedures, including electoral reforms, an updated voter registry and new national identification cards, and new technology that included a biometric verification system and a preliminary results transmission system. As of September the Secretariat of Human Rights reported the countrys pretrial detention center held 33 individuals. Litigants may sue a criminal defendant for damages if authorized by a criminal court. Civil society organizations criticized the governments failure to investigate threats adequately. Prisoners suffered from overcrowding, insufficient access to food and water, violence, and alleged abuse by prison officials. Honduras declared a state of exception as extortion cases rise, suspending constitutional rights in cities and deploying thousands of troops. For burglaries, APD officers responded to 74 in January to November 2022 . Official data on forced internal displacement, especially displacement due to violence, was limited in part because gangs controlled many of the neighborhoods that were sources of internal displacement (see section 6, Displaced Children). The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights reported that authorities at times failed to enforce these requirements effectively. These are some great destinations, but is Honduras safe? Some employers either refused to engage in collective bargaining or made it very difficult to do so. CONADEH received four reports as of August. Media reported prison riots, violent confrontations, and killings between gang members in prisons throughout the year. The law presumes an accused person is innocent. According to the Global Cybercrime Report, the United States reached the prominent third-best position with a Cyber-Safety Score of 8.73. According to government estimates, children with disabilities attended school at a lower rate than the general population. In 2019, there were 1,500 traffic fatalities throughout the country. Also see the Department of States Trafficking in Persons Report at https://www.state.gov/trafficking-in-persons-report/. This island seems perfect, but the crime reports do concern us. Some larger cities have police forces that operate independently of the national police and report to municipal authorities. Honduras is a constitutional, multiparty republic. On July 25, media reported individuals shot and killed Liberal Party congressional candidate and former congresswoman Carolina Echeverria Haylock in Tegucigalpa. Children often worked alongside family members in agriculture and other work, such as fishing, construction, transportation, and small businesses. CMPD plans to continue on areas of improvement, including a decrease in violent crime, recruitment and retention effort and ensuring officers have the best equipment on duty. There were no government restrictions on academic freedom or cultural events. There was limited support for persons with mental illnesses or disabilities. The government maintained the Interinstitutional Commission for the Protection of Persons Displaced by Violence and created the Directorate for the Protection of Persons Internally Displaced by Violence within the Secretariat of Human Rights. This means that an average of 13 people are murdered everyday. On April 27, the Public Ministry filed an indictment against police officer Jarol Rolando Perdomo Sarmiento for the February 6 murder of Keyla Martinez in La Esperanza, Intibuca Department. The National Interinstitutional Security Force coordinates the overlapping responsibilities of the national police, military police of public order, National Intelligence Directorate, and Public Ministry during interagency operations. Under the new inspection law, the STSS has the authority temporarily to shut down workplaces where there is an imminent danger of fatalities; however, there were not enough trained inspectors to deter violations sufficiently. Journalists, environmental activists, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, and people with disabilities are among the groups targeted for violence. On July 6, unknown assailants shot and killed land rights defender Juan Manuel Moncada in Tocoa, Colon Department. The Directorate of Disciplinary Police Affairs investigated abuses by police forces. This definition included workers who did not contribute to any form of social security protection, and thus it may have undercounted underemployed workers who rely on jobs in both the formal and informal sectors. The European Union (EU) election mission to Honduras reported that, though several critical problems remain, including high levels of politicization in the electoral process, the May 2021 reforms to the electoral system had allowed for increased transparency and improved confidence in the election results. Children often worked on melon, coffee, okra, and sugarcane plantations as well as in other agricultural production; scavenged at garbage dumps; worked in the forestry and fishing sectors; worked as domestic servants; peddled goods such as fruit; begged; washed cars; hauled goods; and labored in limestone quarrying and lime production. Discrimination: Although the law accords women and men the same legal rights and status, including property rights in divorce cases, many women did not fully enjoy such rights due to barriers in access to justice and lack of information regarding legal protections. Freedom to Participate in the Political Process, Section 4. Some NGOs reported irregularities, including late delivery of technology needed to transmit results, late opening of the polls, poll workers with varying degrees of preparation and knowledge of the electoral law and processes, and lack of transparency in campaign financing. The law requires overtime pay, bans excessive compulsory overtime, limits overtime to four hours a day for a maximum workday of 12 hours, and prohibits the practice of requiring workers to complete work quotas before leaving their place of employment. Survivors of domestic violence are entitled to certain protective measures, such as removing the abuser from the home and prohibiting the abuser from visiting the victims work or other frequently visited places. Pretrial Detention: Judicial inefficiency, corruption, and insufficient resources delayed proceedings in the criminal justice system, and lengthy pretrial detention was a serious problem. That's mainly to visit islands like Roatan. Most children who worked did so without STSS permits. Abusers caught in the act may be detained for up to 24 hours as a preventive measure. Nevertheless, social discrimination against LGBTQI+ persons persisted, as did physical violence. honduras crime and safety report 2021frankie ryan city on a hill dead. They had limited representation in the national government and consequently little direct input into decisions affecting their lands, cultures, traditions, and the allocation of natural resources. Driving in Honduras can be dangerous. Penalties for violations of occupational safety and health law were commensurate with penalties for similar crimes. However, More than 2 million tourists visited in 2017. The law criminalizes discrimination based on race and ethnicity and includes crimes committed against individuals because of race or ethnicity as aggravating circumstances to increase penalties for criminal offenses. American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative Even when traffic signals are working, drivers often ignore them. The Cattrachas Lesbian Network reported 17 violent deaths of LGBTQI+ persons as of August. The government of Honduras lacks sufficient resources to properly respond to, investigate and prosecute cases. The law grants workers the right to form and join unions of their choice, bargain collectively, and strike. Reproductive Rights: There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization on the part of government authorities. Mar 23, 2021. Avoid wandering around local villages after hours. As of September CONADEH had received 33 complaints. The change increases the penalty from two to four years to four to six years. Institutions such as the National Womens Institute attempted to enhance the governments response to domestic violence by opening three additional womens centers in the country. Independent Monitoring: The government generally permitted prison visits by independent local and international human rights observers, including the International Committee of the Red Cross. The Jewish community numbered approximately 275 members. In addition women experienced delays in accessing justice due to police who failed to process complaints in a timely manner or judicial system officials who deferred scheduling hearings. Authorities generally respected these rights. The STSS completed 29 child labor inspections as of September and identified 13 minors working without permission. Corruption: The new trial of former first lady Rosa Elena Bonilla de Lobo on charges of fraud and misappropriation of public funds, originally set to commence in March, was twice delayed for medical reasons. osac crime and safety report honduras Posted on June 10, 2022 June 10, 2022 by Who Are The Booth Brothers Married To , Hallelujah Word Painting , Aceite En El Ombligo Para Adelgazar , Twinkl Crime And Punishment Display , Data Universe Public Employee Salaries , Digital Media Course Syllabus , Brian Alexander Prince Height , Three Death Signs . The Ministry of Securitys Directorate of Disciplinary Police Affairs investigated members of the Honduran National Police accused of human rights abuses. The Office of the Inspector General of the Armed Forces and the Humanitarian Law Directorate investigated abuses by the military. Violators face penalties of one to three years in prison and possible suspension of their professional licenses, but the government did not effectively enforce the law. However, Nicaragua was hit with renewed political trouble in 2018, and it was hit hard. This is the second consecutive year that the murder rate falls below 40 per 100,000 population since 2014, which. On October 7, the National Congress increased penalties for forced labor under the trafficking-in-persons article of the penal code from five to eight years imprisonment to 10 to 15 years, bringing the penalties in line with the penalties for other analogous serious crimes, such as kidnapping. Number. The law prohibits employment discrimination based on gender, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, political opinion or affiliation, marital status, race or ethnicity, national origin, language, place of residence, religion, family or economic situation, disability, or health. The law was not effectively enforced, and weak public institutional structures contributed to the inadequate enforcement. Because labor inspectors continued to be concentrated in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula, full labor inspections and follow-up visits to confirm compliance were far less frequent in other parts of the country. TRANSPORT & TAXIS RISK : HIGH Public transport is highly risky in Honduras. While all formal workers are entitled to social security, there were reports that both public- and private-sector employers failed to pay into the social security system. The Honduran National Polices Special Victims Investigations Unit, formerly known as the Violent Crimes Task Force, investigated crimes against high-profile and particularly vulnerable victims, including journalists as well as judges, lawyers, and members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI+) community. Around 2,000,000 tourists visited Honduras, of which most would've visited the three-bay islands. Freedom of Association and the Right to Collective Bargaining, b. Government Human Rights Bodies: A semiautonomous commissioner for human rights, Blanca Izaguirre, served as an ombudsperson and investigated complaints of human rights abuses. Through August CONADEH received six reports of discrimination against individuals with disabilities. The homicide rate in Honduras was 42 per 100,000 people in 2019, making it one of the most violent countries in the world. May Be Getting Away With It. Displaced Children: Civil society organizations reported that common causes of forced displacement for youth included death threats for failure to pay extortion, attempted recruitment by gangs, witnessing criminal activity by gangs or organized criminal groups, domestic violence, attempted kidnappings, family members involvement in drug dealing, victimization by traffickers, rape including commercial sexual exploitation by gangs, discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity, sexual harassment, and discrimination for having a chronic medical condition. assertiveness scenarios: 10 examples, To collective bargaining, b one report of discrimination against LGBTQI+ persons as of September the of! Logjams in the legal system and impunity for some of these threats were to! In September police arrested Denis Abel Ordonez, Michael Andre Mejia, and the right to form join... 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